Articles And Books


Research Summaries



Eastwood, J. D. & Gorelik, D. (2019). Boredom is a feeling of thinking and a double-edged sword. In Josefa Ros Velasco (Ed.), Boredom is in your mind. Springer.

Danckert, J., Mugon, J.,  Struk A., , Eastwood, J. D. (2018). Boredom: What is it good for? In H. Lench (Ed.) The function of emotions, Page 93-119, Springer

Mugon, J., Danckert, J., & Eastwood, J., D. (2019). The costs and benefits of boredom in the classroom. In K. Ann Renninger and Suzanne E. Hidi (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Motivation and Learning(pp. 490-513). Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Bambrah, V., Hsu, C. F., Toplak, M., & Eastwood, J. D. (in press). Anticipated, experienced, and remembered subjective effort and discomfort on sustained attention versus working memory tasks. Consciousness and Cognition.

Hsu, C. F., Propp, L., Panetta, L., Martin, S., Dentakos, S., Toplak, M. E., & Eastwood, J. D. (2018). Mental effort and discomfort: Testing the peak-end effect during a cognitively demanding task. PloS one13(2), e0191479.

Hsu, C. F., Eastwood, J. D., & Toplak, M. E. (2017). Differences in perceived mental effort required and discomfort during a working memory task between individuals At-risk and not At-risk for ADHD. Frontiers in psychology8, 407.

Hunter, A. G., Hunter, J. A., & Eastwood, J. D. (2017). Boredom propensity. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer. Published online January 21. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1050-1

Craparo, G., Faraci, P., Gori, A., Hunter, J. A., Hunter, A., Pileggi, V., & Eastwood, J. D. (2017). Validation of the Italian Version of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale (MSBS). Clinical Neuropsychiatry14(2).

Roberts, K. E., Hart, T. A., & Eastwood, J. D. (2016). Factor structure and validity of the State-Trait Inventory for Cognitive and Somatic Anxiety. Psychological assessment28(2), 134

Hunter, A. G., & Eastwood, J. D. (2016). Does state boredom cause attention failures? Examining the relations between trait boredom, state boredom, and sustained attention. Experimental Brain Research. doi: 10.1007/s00221-016-4749-7.

Hunter, J. A., Abraham, E. H., Hunter, A. G., Goldberg, L. C., & Eastwood, J. D. (2016). Personality and boredom proneness in the prediction of creativity and curiosity. Thinking Skills & Creativity. Published online August 18. doi:

Gerritsen, C. J., Goldberg, J. O., & Eastwood, J. D. (2015). Boredom proneness predicts quality of life in outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. International Journal of Social Psychiatry61(8), 781-787.

Ng, A. H., Liu, Y., Chen, J. Z., & Eastwood, J. D. (2015). Culture and state boredom: A comparison between European Canadians and Chinese. Personality and individual differences75, 13-18.

Gerritsen, C. J., Toplak, M. E., Sciaraffa, J., & Eastwood, J. (2014). I can’t get no satisfaction: Potential causes of boredom. Consciousness and cognition27, 27-41.

Mercer-Lynn, K. B., Bar, R. J., & Eastwood, J. D. (2014). Causes of boredom: The person, the situation, or both?. Personality and Individual Differences56, 122-126.

Mercer-Lynn, K. B., Hunter, J. A., & Eastwood, J. D. (2013). Is trait boredom redundant?. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology32(8), 897-916.

Mercer-Lynn, K. B., Flora, D. B., Fahlman, S. A., & Eastwood, J. D. (2013). The measurement of boredom: Differences between existing self-report scales. Assessment20(5), 585-596.

Fahlman, S. A., Mercer-Lynn, K. B., Flora, D. B., & Eastwood, J. D. (2013). Development and validation of the multidimensional state boredom scale. Assessment20(1), 68-85.

Eastwood, J. D., Frischen, A., Fenske, M. J., & Smilek, D. (2012). The unengaged mind: Defining boredom in terms of attention. Perspectives on Psychological Science7(5), 482-495.

Goldberg, Y. K., Eastwood, J. D., LaGuardia, J., & Danckert, J. (2011). Boredom: An emotional experience distinct from apathy, anhedonia, or depression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology30(6), 647-666.

Mercer, K. B., & Eastwood, J. D. (2010). Is boredom associated with problem gambling behaviour? It depends on what you mean by ‘boredom’. International Gambling Studies10(1), 91-104.

Fahlman, S. A., Mercer, K. B., Gaskovski, P., Eastwood, A. E., & Eastwood, J. D. (2009). Does a lack of life meaning cause boredom? Results from psychometric, longitudinal, and experimental analyses. Journal of social and clinical psychology28(3), 307-340.

Eastwood, J. D., Cavaliere, C., Fahlman, S. A., & Eastwood, A. E. (2007). A desire for desires: Boredom and its relation to alexithymia. Personality and Individual Differences42(6), 1035-1045.